I thought I might write about this stunning series which shows Hercules and each of the nine muses on the reverse. I started by reading Rutledge’s Ancient Rome as a Museum but didn’t find much. I ran some bibliographical searches and re-read amongst other things the classic Richardson article which raises more questions than it answers. Farney connects the observe to a family connection to the Games of Apollo, but is silent on the reverse. I then went and checked my own notes and saw that I was going to talk about it in relation to Fulvius Nobilior’s (cos. 189) temple to Heracles and Muses and the statues of the later he brought back from his conquests of the Greek East. The theory being that the coins show those statues and the impression they made. That’s really speculative. We really know nothing about this coin series. Perhaps it had better go in the introduction during a discussion of re-dating and the use of hoards. Crawford has it as 66 BC but based on the huge Mesagne hoard Hersh and Walker redated it to 56 BC. I used it as an opportunity to play around with searching the database I mentioned yesterday. Mapping findspots. Seeing the date spread of hoards. Seeing whether types in the series are found together (they are, no surprise). The re-dating by hoard evidence and the name pun might in the end be the best most honest history one can write from these beauties. Though, of course, Farney’s point will get a shout out when I talk about references to ludi (games) on coins.